The United States produces roughly 15 million metric tons (590 million bushels) of grain sorghum each year, 55 percent of which is destined for export. In the recent past, China has imported more than 70 percent of U.S. exportable sorghum supply, but trade policy challenges, increased local production and competing feed sources have prompted efforts to diversify the sorghum customer base. Southeast Asia has the potential to be one of those new demand sources.
In 2017, the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and United Sorghum Checkoff Program (USCP) went on the road to highlight the potential of U.S. sorghum to supply the growing aquaculture industry of Southeast Asia.
This effort began with the Council operating in-country feeding trials to test the viability of replacing cassava with sorghum in Pangasius, a large catfish species native to Southeast Asia diets. Annual catfish production in Vietnam alone is 2.4 million tons.
If successful, Vietnam could be a potential sorghum market for up to 480,000 tons (18 million bushels) of U.S. sorghum with an export value of $101.7 million per year.
The trials concluded that U.S. sorghum is an excellent replacement for cassava as a source of starch for feeding Pangasius. The feeding trial results showed no difference between cassava and U.S. sorghum on catfish growth performance, fillet color or physical properties of feed pellet quality. Beyond starch, sorghum is also low in tannins and contains an advantageous protein profile.
The Council and USCP showcased these results during one of the world’s leading seafood trade shows, VietFish 2017. Every year, nearly 200 local and international exhibitors participate in the show, with approximately 30,000 visitors from Vietnam and around the world. The Council and USCP conducted a series of seminars during the tradeshow as well as distributing the trial results at technical workshops and discussions in subsequent visits in Thailand.
The sorghum export market represents a billion dollars in export revenue for the U.S. industry. The groundwork that the Council has built in Southeast Asia’s aquaculture sector is an important step in diversifying sorghum’s export markets and creating an opportunity for U.S. sorghum in the aquaculture sector.
About The U.S. Grains Council
The U.S. Grains Council develops export markets for U.S. barley, corn, sorghum and related products including distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and ethanol. With full-time presence in 28 locations, the Council operates programs in more than 50 countries and the European Union. The Council believes exports are vital to global economic development and to U.S. agriculture’s profitability. Detailed information about the Council and its programs is online at www.grains.org.