Production and Exports
Sorghum (or milo) represents the third-largest cereal grain in the United States. Comparative advantages include drought tolerance; resistance to mycotoxins and fungi; and survivability in relatively harsher climatic conditions. Production is primarily focused in a stretch of land beginning in southern Nebraska and ending at the southern tip of Texas.
Chief importers in 2021/2022 (Sept. 1- Aug. 31) were China, the largest market for U.S. sorghum with 6.5 million metric tons (258 million bushels) in purchases; Mexico 361,000 metric tons (14.2 million bushels); and Sudan 138,700 metric tons (5.4 million bushels).
Thanks to continued purchasing by 21 countries, U.S. sorghum exports totaled 7.4 million metric tons (293 million bushels).
Sorghum Harvest Quality Report
The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) has published its 2021/2022 Sorghum Quality Report touting an average grade well above the necessary requirements for U.S. No. 1 sorghum.
To generate the report’s findings, a total of 97 samples were collected from 13 participating elevators located in Texas, Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota between Sept. 20, 2021 and Feb. 16, 2022 and were analyzed by the Amarillo Grain Exchange and the Cereal Quality Lab at Texas A&M University. Scientists there calculated averages and standard deviations for each quality factor tested and reported results for the U.S. aggregate.
Total sorghum damage came in at just 0.0 percent in the aggregate, and broken kernel and foreign material (BNFM) was only 1.5 percent, both similar to last year’s results, highlighting how hard the grain is and how well it holds up during handling and storage.