Production and Exports
Sorghum (or milo) represents the third-largest cereal grain in the United States. Comparative advantages include drought tolerance; resistance to mycotoxins and fungi; and survivability in relatively harsher climatic conditions. Production is primarily focused in a stretch of land beginning in southern Nebraska and ending at the southern tip of Texas.
Chief importers in 2017/2018 were China, the largest market for U.S. sorghum with 4.2 million metric tons (165 million bushels) in purchases; Japan 337,000 metric tons (13.3 million bushels); and Sudan which increased more than 13 percent year-over-year for sales of 137,000 MT (5.4 million bushels).
Thanks to continued purchasing by 22 countries, U.S. sorghum exports totaled 5.16 million metric tons (203 million bushels), valued at nearly $1 million.
Sorghum Harvest Quality Report
In January 2017, the Council released the 2016/2017 Sorghum Harvest Quality Report. The Report assesses the quality of the current U.S. sorghum harvest as it enters international merchandizing channels.
This 2016/2017 Harvest Report is based on 254 commodity sorghum samples taken from defined areas within the nine top sorghum-producing states. Inbound, unblended samples were collected from local grain elevators to observe quality at the point of origin, and to provide representative information about the variability of the quality characteristics across the diverse geographic regions.
This second year of sorghum harvest quality data will lay the foundation for evaluating trends and the factors that impact sorghum quality. In addition, the cumulative measurement surveys will increase in value by enabling export buyers and other stakeholders to begin making year-to-year comparisons and assessing patterns in sorghum quality, based on growing, drying, handling, storage, and transport conditions.