Production and Exports
Sorghum (or milo) represents the third-largest cereal grain in the United States. Comparative advantages include drought tolerance; resistance to mycotoxins and fungi; and survivability in relatively harsher climatic conditions. Production is primarily focused in a stretch of land beginning in southern Nebraska and ending at the southern tip of Texas.
Chief importers in 2020/2021 (Sept. 1- Aug. 31) were China, the largest market for U.S. sorghum with 6.78 million metric tons (267.2 million bushels) in purchases; Sudan 70,800 metric tons (2.7 million bushels); and Mexico 60,900 metric tons (2.4 million bushels).
Thanks to continued purchasing by 44 countries, U.S. sorghum exports totaled 7.18 million metric tons (283 million bushels).
Sorghum Harvest Quality Report
The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) has published its 2019/2020 Sorghum Quality Report touting an average grade well above the necessary requirements for U.S. No. 1 sorghum.
To generate the report’s findings, a total of 62 samples were collected from outbound shipments of U.S. country elevators and analyzed for the grade factors established by USDA as well as chemical composition and other quality characteristics not reported elsewhere.
The report pulled samples from the two largest and most comprehensive growing areas in the United States, including the growing areas in Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Illinois, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, South Dakota, Colorado, New Mexico and Mississippi. Sorghum samples were collected from individual outbound rail or truck shipments at participating elevators across the two regions, then sent to Texas A&M University for chemical composition and physical factor analysis. Scientists there calculated averages and standard deviations for each quality factor tested and reported results for the U.S. aggregate.
Total sorghum damage came in at just 0.2 percent, and broken kernel and foreign material (BNFM) was only 1.7 percent, highlighting how hard the grain is and how well it holds up during handling and storage.