Supply/Demand Basics

  • 1.1 MMT corn imports and 688 TMT barley imports in 2016.
  • Infrequent DDGS (14 TMT) imports due to lack of corn sales from the U.S. for possible combination shipments.
  • Price sensitive market with less emphasis on quality.

Country Overview

  • Population: 11.15 million
  • Population growth: 1.0%
  • Urban %: 66.64%
  • Urban growth: 1.3%
  • GDP: $130.83 billion
  • GDP growth: 1.5% would rise to 2.3%
  • GDP per capita: $11,657
  • Political instability and the fragile security situation after the 2011 revolution are nega tively impacting tourism and foreign investment.
  • Tunisian dinar constantly devaluating against other currencies.

Trade and Market Share Issues

  • USGC office for the MEA region is currently located in Tunisia.
  • Feed grains demand constant due to less demand from declining tourism.
  • Higher competition from black sea countries.
  • In 2016, Ukraine had 66% corn market share followed by U.S.17%, Romania 9% and Argentina at 8% each.
  • In 2016, Ukraine had 39% barley market share followed by France 27%, U.K.19%, Romania 7% and Russia at 4% each.
  • The market is oversupplied with eggs, chicken meat, red meat and dairy products due to producers’ excess capacity and the sluggish economy.

Policy Issues

  • There is no import duty on all feed grains.
  • The government recently banned imports of frozen red meat.