Bangladesh

Supply/Demand Basics

  • World’s fifth largest market in fish cultivation and fishing industry is growing.
  • According to industry estimates, fish production will reach 5.02 MMT by 2020-21, demand for feed for aquaculture will increase.
  • Rice is by far the main agricultural product.
  • Poultry sector has grown significantly in recent years and is now using newer technology.

Country Overview

  • Population / growth: 161.3 million / 1.07%
  • Urban % / growth:  33.5% / 2.5%
  • GDP / growth (PPP): $831.7 billion / 8.3%
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $4,992
  • Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world with 1,000 people per square kilometer.
  • Bangladesh faces daunting socioeconomic challenges with about 24 million people still living below the poverty line.

Trade and Market Share Overview

  • Bangladesh imports 1.4 MMT of crude oil, which is converted to gasoline and other petroleum products. Demand for gasoline is increasing at 11% per year.
  • Total corn imports for the period May-Dec 2018 was 1.2 MMT, slightly higher than imports (1.18 MMT) in the same period the previous year.
  • More than 90 percent of corn is imported from Brazil, due to competitive pricing and lesser credit issues than with U.S. origin.
  • Infrastructure in Bangladesh is insufficient and in poor condition:
    • Lack of a deep-water port leads to long unloading times, which causes issues for imports of temperature-sensitive products with short shelf lives.

Policy Overview

  • All U.S. products have access to the market but face high tariffs.
  • Bangladesh’s business environment is difficult – corruption is endemic in the country and it scores extremely low on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index, ranking 177 out of 190 countries.