V. U.S. CORN PRODUCTION, USAGE AND OUTLOOK
A. U.S. Corn Production1
1. U.S. Average Production and Yields
- According to the November 2013 USDA World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report, average U.S. yield for the 2013 crop is projected to be 10.1 mt/ ha (160.4 bu/ac). This is 2.4 mt/ha (37.0 bu/ac) higher than the 2012 corn crop and the second highest average yield on record.
- The number of hectares harvested in 2013 is projected to be 35.3 million (87.2 mil ac). This is 0.1 mil ha (0.2 mil ac) less than in 2012, yet the second largest number of hectares for the last 80 years.
- Total U.S. corn production for 2013 is projected to be 355.3 mmt (13,989 mil bu). This is about 81.5 mmt (3,209 mil bu) higher than 2012 and the largest U.S. corn crop on record.
- Despite the slightly lower harvested hectares in 2013 than in 2012, the projected record total production in 2013 was due to significantly higher yields in the key U.S. corn production areas.
2. ASD and State Level Production
The geographic areas included in the Harvest Report encompass the highest corn producing areas in the United States. This can be seen on the map showing projected 2013 corn production by USDA Agricultural Statistical District (ASD).
Corn production in Iowa, Illinois and Nebraska increased significantly from 2012 to 2013, while Minnesota corn production was slightly lower in 2013 compared to 2012. Other than in North Dakota, corn production in the remaining eight states was higher in 2013 than in 2012.
The U.S. Corn Production table summarizes the differences in both quantity (mmt) and percentages between 2012 and projected 2013 corn production for each state. Also included is an indication of the relative changes in acres and yield between 2012 and projected 2013. The green bar indicates a relative increase and the red bar indicates a relative decrease from 2012 to projected 2013. This illustrates that acres were largely unchanged to slightly lower, while yield changes were considerably higher with the exception of Minnesota and North Dakota.